Yarn spinning is a process of making or converting fiber materials into yarns. A Yarn is usually of substantial length & of a small cross-section. In the cross-section of yarn, there are usually multiple numbers of Staple fibers (short fibers) or Filaments (long fibers) of unlimited length. The yarn is then used to create textiles, which are then used to make clothing and many other products. There are several industrial processes available to spin yarn, as well as hand-spinning techniques where the fiber is drawn out, twisted, and wound onto a bobbin.

Filament yarns are made from long, and continuous strands of fiber. Most of them from synthetic and only silk represents for natural fibers in filament. Staple or spun yarns, on the other hand, are made from short length of fibers. It can be found from natural fibers or can be produced using synthetic as staple filament yarns. As it is short length, staple fibers need to be held together with others in order to get the long and continuous yarns.

Both filament and staple yarns have their own advantages/disadvantages. Each of them is produced base on their end-use products such as fabrics, rope, and fishing yarns. A common technique used by the manufacturer to reduce the cost production of the staple is by combining staple with the filament. Some of the new advancement has been made by researchers are like Spinning Nano Yarns(University of Texas), Air Jet Spinning and High Speed spinning machine.


  • 6.7

    Expected CAGR during 2019-2025

The spinning industry in India has truly emerged world-class, with the youngest machinery installed among all the textile-producing nations and with 30-40 percent higher productivity than even China. The higher capital cost is, therefore, better absorbed by the Indian spinners as compared to their Chinese counterparts. Besides machine productivity, the Indian spinning industry has mastered the art of rapid training of the workforce. With little support from the Government, the industry has been able to develop its own training manuals in most Indian languages and within three months prepare a world-class workforce, even out of uneducated, under-nourished farmhands.

It is little wonder then that yarn has been the most dominant growth driver among the various textile products exported, with its exports growing at a 30 percent y-o-y in value terms. Should the few policy aberrations that creep in from time to time get resolved, investment in this evolved manufacturing sector will grow rapidly, particularly in States where cotton is surplus and attractive incentives are being offered.

The global Spinning Machinery market is valued at 4210 million US$ in 2018 is expected to reach 6620 million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of 6.7% during 2019-2025. The most relevant spinning systems are ring spinning (c.65% market share), followed by rotor spinning (c.30% market share), and air-jet spinning (c.2%–5% market share). Exotic spinning principles such as friction spinning are not taken into account here as the utility is not very high. Major vendors are currently focusing on improving their market shares by enhancing their presence across various geographies. Realizing the increased demand for textile and availability of low-cost labor in emerging economies such as India, established players are currently focusing on expanding their footprint in developing countries.