The  state  has  three  major  seasons  –  summer  (April-June),  rainyseason  (July-September)  and  winter  (October-March).  Due  to  the presence  of  large  rivers,  most  of  the  state  is  a  fertile  plain.  The  state has three major rivers flowing through it: Ravi, Beas and Satluj.

The state is bordered by the Pakistani province of Punjab to its west,Jammu  &  Kashmir  in  the  north, Himachal  Pradesh  in  the  northeast,Haryana in the south and southeast, and Rajasthan in the southwest.
The  most  commonly  spoken  language  of  the  state  is  Punjabi.  Hindiand English are the other widely used languages.
Amritsar,  Ludhiana,  Jalandhar,  Bhatinda,  Mohali,  Pathankot  andPatiala are some of the major cities in the state. 

  • US$ 108 million

    FDI inflows in Punjab were US$ 108 million during April 2017– December 2017

The  textile  sector  in  the  state  is  strong  on  all  aspects  of  the  value chain,  i.e.,  from  the  raw  material  stage  to  the  finished  products (garments)  stage.  In  2016-17,  the  state  has  produced  0.45  million bales  of  cotton.  Punjab  is  among  the  largest  producers  of  cotton  and blended  yarn  as  well  as  mill-made  fabrics  in  India.  Ludhiana  is  often referred  to  as  the  ‘Manchester  of  India.  The  state  accounted  for  3.8 per cent of the country’s cotton (lint) production in 2016-17. 
The  spun  yarn  production  in  the  state  during  2015-16  (up  to September  2015),  was  recorded  to  be  431.9  million  kg.  The  state’s textile  policy  provides  incentives  such  as  development  of  clusters,benefits  under  the  central  government’s  Technology  UpgradationFund  Scheme  (TUFS),  electricity  at  reduced  rates,  and  government support  in  the  acquisition  of  land  for  textile  mills..  As  per  the  annual plan  2016-17,  an  amount  of  US$  0.458  million  was  allocated  for  the Northern India Institute of Fashion Technology (NIIFT) scheme.