Material handling can be defined as art and science of conveying, elevating, positioning, transporting, packaging and storing of materials. Starting from the time, the raw material(such as fibres for spinning unit or yarns for weaving/ knitting unit and fabrics for wet processing or garments units) enters the mill gate and goes out of the mill gate in the form of finished products; it is handled at all stages within mill boundaries such as within and between raw material stores, various section of production department, machine to machine and finished product stores. Material may be handled even 50 times or more before it changes to finished product. It has been estimated that average material handling cost is roughly 10-30% of the total production cost depending upon product to process. By saving in the material handling cost, the cost of production can be reduced considerably. Material handling involves the movement of materials, manually or mechanically in batches or one item at a time within the plant. 

Proper material handling offers benefits :


  • improving productivity.
  • increasing the handling capacity.
  • reducing man-power.
  • increasing the speed of material movement.
  • reducing materials wastage.
  • promoting easier and cleaner handling via. eliminating the idle time of machines, equipment and workers iii.
  • reduce fatigue incurred by the workers
  • increasing safety and minimising accidents.
  • locate and stock material better and in less Space
  • minimising production cost, etc.


  • 10-30%

    Average material handling cost

Although in the market a large variety of material handling equipment available in which some are very conventional and some are modern. Modern material handling equipment is economical, safer and can handle more material in unit time than conventional equipment. The material handling department basically performs two functions: eliminates the need of material handling as for as possible by choosing appropriate production machinery, and choose the most appropriate material handling equipment which is safe, efficient and economical. The selection of material handling mainly depends upon Type material to be handled, mill building, layout, speed & type of production (mass prodn or batch production) and material flow pattern. There are two most important factors for analyzing or solving a material handling problem are Engineering factors and Economic factors.



There are basically two functions of material handling section:

  • To select production machinery and assist in plant layout so as to eliminate as far as possible the need for material handling. For examples: in a spinning mills chute feed cards, open-end spinning machine, auto-doffing ring frames and autoconer etc.reduce the material handling activities hence material handling cost.


  • To choose the most appropriate material handling equipment which is safe and can fulfil material handling requirements at the minimum possible overall cost. For example Air conveyor pipes in within the blow-room and between blow-room and cards, big size plastic container trolley for handling ring frame bobbins, cones and fabrics in a textile mill.