Geotextiles are smart textiles that consist of a stable network that retains its relative structure during handling, placement and long-term service. A Geotextile can be defined as “permeable geosynthetic comprised solely of textiles.”
Geotextiles are special fabrics made for use in 'geological' situations. They are rot-proof and permeable to water. They can be heavy duty or light duty, black, white or coloured. Available in woven and non-woven forms, they apply to a broad range of civil engineering construction, paving, drainage and other applications. These are extensively used with soil, rock, earth or any other geotechnical engineering-related material, as an integral part of human-made project, structure or system. These engineered Geotextiles perform three basic functions: separation, stabilization and filtration.
The principal functions performed by Geotextiles are confinement/separation, reinforcement, filtration and drainage, and protection. Application areas include civil engineering (roads and pavements, slope stabilization and embankment protection, tunnels, rail-track bed stabilization, ground stabilization and drainage, etc), marine engineering (Soil Erosion control and embankment protection, breakwaters) and environmental engineering (landfills and waste management). As geotextiles reduce the land required and disturbances to the local environment during the construction of infrastructure, they offer several economic and environmental advantages.
Geotextiles products include geotextiles, geogrids, geonets, geopipes, geocells, geomembranes, geocomposites, prefabricated vertical drains, geotubes etc. With the growing emphasis on biodegradable products, fibres like woven jute have also attracted significant interest as temporary stabilizing material in infrastructure applications.
Expected CAGR over the forecast period 2017-2022
The global geotextile market is expected to be valued at USD 5.76 Billion in 2017 and is likely to reach USD 9.35 Billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 10.2% from 2017 to 2022. Growing consumption of bio-based geotextiles and rising investments in nonwoven geotextile are some of the key opportunities for the geotextile industry.
The nonwoven geotextile segment is expected to be the largest and fastest-growing segment of the geotextile market. The growing demand for nonwoven geotextiles in the road-rail industry is one of the key factor driving the growth of the geotextile market globally.
Synthetic geotextile is expected to be the largest and fastest-growing segment of the geotextile market, by material type during the forecast period. The polypropylene geotextile segment is expected to be the largest material type subsegment of the synthetic geotextile type. This segment is also expected to register the highest CAGR in the global market.
The Asia Pacific region is expected to be the largest geotextile market in 2017. China, India, Japan, and South Korea are the major geotextile market in this region. The rising number of infrastructure development activities in the region, especially in ASEAN countries, is the key factor driving the growth of the market. Various leading players have been carrying out strategic expansion activities in this region to meet the growing demand from construction and agriculture industries.